Progress of the 2021 Implementation plan
Since the NSW Water Strategy was launched in September 2021 the NSW Government – together with our delivery partners – has made significant progress in implementing actions to achieve the priorities and objectives set out in the strategy, and set up the foundations for future reforms.
Annual reporting on the progress of Strategy implementation provides transparency and accountability for delivering the Strategy. Each action in the implementation plan is reported using the following categories:
Work has not yet commenced
Work has commenced
In progress – revised timeframe
Work has commenced but will take longer than expected
Completed or ongoing
Work is complete and now business as usual
Work will not go ahead
Annual Progress Report on implementation 2021/2022
This progress report highlights some of the key achievements over the last 12 months. It also identifies where changes in approach or delivery timeframes have been required for some actions, recognising the need for adaptation in an increasingly challenging and complex environment. This progress report demonstrates the significant amount of new work that is being undertaken through the NSW Water Strategy – work that is on top of the ‘business as usual’ activities undertaken across the water sector by many agencies, local water utilities, State Owned Corporations and environmental water holders.
Of the 123 actions in the NSW Water Strategy 2021-2022 Implementation Plan:
Complete or ongoing
In progress – revised timeframe
Build community confidence and capacity through engagement, transparency and accountability
Read the case study.
Action 1.1 Improve engagement, collaboration and understanding
The government will improve how the water sector engages with communities about water management and make it much easier for water users and the broader community to engage with and understand water management and how decisions are made.
- use plain English in water management communications and documents
- improve coordination between water sector agencies on engagement activities to reduce overlap, confusion and consultation fatigue
- test community interest in each region of NSW to be involved in oversight of the implementation of each of the 12 regional water strategies
- build knowledge, seek feedback and explore new ways to increase confidence among water users about water management decisions
- work with First Nations/Aboriginal People and peak organisations to design appropriate and inclusive approaches for engagement and consultation with Aboriginal People.
|Provide plain English explanations with water access licenses to provide clarity for water users about mandatory conditions.||
The Department of Planning and Environment is giving plain English explanations of mandatory conditions for water access licences and water supply work approvals when any conditions change or updates are notified to water users.|
This work will continue, with a focus on continuous improvement.
|Host a monthly public webinar about upcoming water engagement events.||The Water Engagement Roundup began in April 2021. This monthly webinar provides updates on current consultation and engagement about important water policy and programs from the Department of Planning and Environment. The webinars focus on a topic of interest to stakeholders.|
|Publish the findings of an independent review of the effectiveness of our stakeholder and community engagement activities every 2 years.||KPMG was engaged in November 2021 to independently review the Department of Planning and Environment – Water Stakeholder and Community Engagement Policy and to recommend a future recurring audit program. The department published the findings of the audit on its website in May 2022.|
|Publish multimedia content that makes water information available at a time and in a format that suits customers and the community.||
The Department of Planning and Environment has progressively published a series of videos on online platforms that provides a range of information about water in NSW, including availability, allocations, drought and water quality. These videos are free, non-technical resources that users can access
at any time.|
Publication of content will be an ongoing action.
|Develop a strategy to implement changes to the licensing and approvals system with a focus on accountability and performance, driven by customer experience.||In June 2022, the NSW Government announced funding for a 2-year program to deliver customer-focused water licensing and approval improvements. The program will reduce application and process times for customers, and give more seamless online navigation. Staged improvements will be tested with targeted stakeholders from 2023 onwards to ensure delivery of an improved customer experience.|
|Publicly report on progress of all commitments made in response to recommendations from inquiries, reviews and audits.||The Department of Planning and Environment has developed a Commitments Library that summarises all commitments made by the NSW Government that the Department of Planning and Environment – Water is responsible for implementing in response to recommendations from independent inquiries, reviews and audits. The Commitments Library will be published on the department’s Water website in 2022.|
Action 1.2 Increase the amount and quality of publicly available information about water in NSW
The government will continue to improve the quality and range of water-related information made publicly available and ensure it is easy to find, search and navigate.
- provide easier access to information about how water is managed and how decisions are made, particularly decisions around future water availability
- improve data management, accessibility and transparency and take an open-by-default approach to information and data
- improve NSW’s public water registers to increase transparency (while protecting privacy).
|Improve the Department of Planning and Environment’s website as our primary tool of communication and access to information for customers and the community.||The Department has begun updating the Department of Planning and Environment – Water website, with a focus on clear communication in a format that is accessible to the community. Updates and reviews of existing content will continue as part of migration to the new website.|
|Take an open by default approach to information and publication that describes when and how we publish information, based on an ‘if not why not’ approach.||The Department of Planning and Environment has developed a draft Guideline on Transparency and Publication that describes when and how the NSW Government will publish water information using an open-by-default approach. The department’s Water Open Data Portal has been published on the NSW Government Sharing and Enabling Environmental Data (SEED) website. 28 data sets have been made available on the portal. Releases of data will be iterative and ongoing.|
|Develop an open data framework to enable public access.|
|Publish information on how water allocations are determined in each of our large regulated river valley.||To help describe the way in which water is allocated to the various priorities and licence types, the Department of Planning and Environment has developed Water Allocation Guides on how the water allocation process works in each of the major regulated river valleys. Water Allocation Guides have been published for the majority of major regulated rivers.|
|Continuously improve the Water Insights and Water Information Dashboards.||
Improving dashboards, data management and development processes is an ongoing priority for WaterNSW and the Department of Planning and Environment. Key achievements over the last 12 months include improving dashboards for environmental and consumptive use, trade and available water determinations. The
department has also improved its project management framework and process to ensure new dashboards are fit for purpose, more robust, reliable and consistent, and implemented centralised data storage.|
The continued development of WaterInsights now gives customers and the general public the ability to download all historic data at any location in addition to the short-term current water information.
Action 1.3 Enhance modelling capabilities and make more data and models openly available
The government will continue to improve and expand our modelling capabilities and make more data, models and model outputs openly available.
- develop best practice guidelines/Codes of Practice to ensure that all models are widely applicable, and that modelling is of the highest quality
- maximise the benefits from existing fit-for-purpose models by investigating how we can link these different models and expand their application
- identify opportunities to increase transparency in model methods and to make publicly available models and data that have been peer reviewed and quality assured.
|Through the open data framework, publish models and model outputs, with an initial focus on rainfall and runoff models.||Work has progressed on drafting best-practice guidelines for modelling. Completion of the guidelines is scheduled for December 2022. Work has also progressed on making climate and flow data publicly available. A pilot project has released this data for north coast catchments. A project design is in place to extend this to more complex models and larger geographic areas. Full implementation of this statewide rollout is likely to take 2 to 3 years.|
Action 1.4 Reinforce the effectiveness of the Natural Resources Access Regulator (NRAR)
The government will continue to build the capacity of the NRAR to fulfil its role as a fair but firm regulator of water management and give the community confidence that water plans are implemented and rules are enforced.
- undertake more extensive and effective promotion of the regulatory approach and actions of the NRAR
- clarify water user obligations and communicate them clearly, so that water sharing plans across the state more effectively underpin a modern and enforceable licensing system
- increase the NRAR’s use of and access to technology, such as remote sensors, satellite imagery and drones, enabling the NRAR to better direct its investigations and resources to address the instances of highest harm to water users and the environment
|Release 20 planned compliance program final reports to industry and the public.||This action has been revised. NRAR has reviewed the way that it targets regulatory effort. As part of this review, NRAR has developed and published Regulatory Priorities which has resulted in a reorganised compliance effort. NRAR is now targeting 4 annual priority areas and will publish annual reports to ensure transparency and accountability.|
|Publish information to make sure that water users understand their obligations and are aware of the consequences of non- compliance and the compliance approach of the regulator.||NRAR continues to publish a range of education material to facilitate both general compliance and in support of the Regulatory Priority areas. NRAR also issues media releases and updates a public register when enforcement sanctions are issued for non-compliance.|
|Undertake 50 formal stakeholder events that inform and promote NRAR’s regulatory work in priority areas.||The COVID-19 pandemic created significant disruptions to all planned travel and face-to-face meetings and events. Despite this, between January and June 2022, NRAR attended 20 events and Customer Advisory Group meetings, and is on track to meet the target of 50 events per calendar year.|
|Engage regulated entities in 5,000 site inspections through the Routine Monitoring Project.||Routine monitoring, fieldwork and site visits have been significantly affected by COVID-19 travel restrictions. NRAR is on track to meet this target by end of the 2022 calendar year. As of the end of April, 6,020 works had been inspected on 3,205 properties.|
|Hold a minimum of 3 meetings per year between the NRAR Executive/Board and major stakeholders.||The COVID-19 pandemic created significant disruptions to all planned travel and face-to-face meetings. This has meant that the NRAR Board could not attend many stakeholder events. It is expected that this target will be delayed only slightly, with regional NRAR Board trips planned for June to July 2022.|
|Invest in data, intelligence, analytics and systems to focus our regulatory effort towards greatest compliance outcomes.||
NRAR has invested significant resources to establish the following teams:
Action 1.5 Take the final steps in floodplain harvesting reform
The government will finalise floodplain harvesting reforms by issuing floodplain harvesting licences and amending draft water sharing and water resource plans to manage take within legal limits.
|Finalise floodplain harvesting water access licences and works approvals to manage water take within legal limits, amend water sharing plans and revise draft water resource plans for assessment.||Licences for the NSW Border Rivers and Gwydir were determined in February 2022. Commencement of the licensing framework for those valleys and finalising licences for other valleys has been delayed due to disallowance of the enabling regulations in the NSW Parliament in February 2022. Regulations were reintroduced in June 2022 and amendments to water sharing plans are progressing.|
Action 1.6 Review the regulation of domestic and stock basic landholder rights
The government will review and consult with the community about how domestic and stock basic landholder rights are regulated.
- review the current situation to better understand how much water take is occurring under domestic and stock basic landholder rights and whether this is creating risks in particular areas or circumstances
- consult with the community on options for improving understanding of domestic and stock basic landholder rights, and whether rules are required to better manage that form of water take and enhance the regulator’s (NRAR) ability to enforce compliance.
|Publish a discussion paper about domestic and stock basic landholder rights management and water usage and consult with the community to confirm key issues.||The Department of Planning and Environment has published a fact sheet and revised web pages about domestic and stock basic landholder rights and water management on its website. The current settings for this type of water take featured in a presentation at a public engagement Water Roundup session. The department has incorporated questions from stakeholders at this session into the review and web content.|
|Conduct a case study into any significant issues relating to domestic and stock basic landholder rights to collect evidence, quantify risks and scope potential solutions.|
Action 1.7 Make sure the majority of non-urban water take in NSW is accurately measured
The government will ensure that the vast majority of non-urban water take, including floodplain harvesting, in NSW is measured by accurate, auditable and tamper-proof meters.
Key milestones for delivering this action are:
Non-urban water metering rules:
- 1 December 2020 – compliance date for pumps greater than 500 mm
- 1 December 2021 – compliance date for all other works in northern inland region
- 1 December 2022 – compliance date for all other works in southern inland region
- 1 December 2023 – compliance date for all other works in coastal regions.
Floodplain harvesting measurement rules:
- January to May 2022 – compliance date for large storages (1,000 ML or greater)
- 1 July 2022 – compliance date for all other storages.
|Monitor levels of compliance and uptake of metering and telemetry by water users.||NRAR’s highest Regulatory Priority is supporting implementation of the metering reforms. NRAR has multiple teams of field staff dedicated to educating water users, monitoring for compliance and undertaking enforcement activity to address non-compliance.|
|Introduce clear and enforceable rules for measuring floodplain harvesting.||
New regulations have been made that set clear rules on the requirements for metering equipment to ensure that the amount of water taken under floodplain licences is measured and within the legal limits.|
Over the last 12 months, the Department of Planning and Environment has established demonstration sites to showcase floodplain harvesting (FPH) measurement and started a field program to install FPH measurement equipment at 50 sites in the Gwydir and Border Rivers catchments.
|Operate and improve coverage of a telemetry system, to allow water users to remotely measure and transmit their water take information.||The Department of Planning and Environment and WaterNSW have been working together to enhance telemetry coverage, including identification of satellite solutions. This includes engaging with industry to develop telemetry products such as Local Intelligence Devices (LIDs). An exemption to the telemetry requirements has been defined for those water users who are in ‘telemetry black spot’ areas until an alternate solution becomes available. The department and WaterNSW have engaged and communicated consistently with water users about telemetry through roadshows, webinars and other engagement activities. What we heard reports from consultation will be circulated.|
|Engage with water users to ensure awareness and to equip them with the information they need to comply with the rules.||The Department of Planning and Environment has continued to engage with water users through roadshows and webinars, particularly focused on areas with upcoming compliance dates. Extensive media and communications and engagement activities have been undertaken, including website and FAQ updates. The department has developed a metering guidance tool which allows water users to understand their metering requirements.|
|Engage with suppliers and installers of metering equipment to increase water users’ choice of metering and telemetry equipment and installers.||
The Department of Planning and Environment has held regular supplier and installer forums to inform metering requirements and also track issues such as supply bottlenecks. Suppliers and installers have attended roadshows to improve their awareness of the metering reforms and engage with water users.
The department has also improved the LID testing process. Manly Hydraulics Laboratory now does assessments on a user-pays basis instead of WaterNSW doing tests.|
The department is currently stocktaking equipment and service provider availability in light of COVID-19 and flood impacts.
Recognise First Nations/Aboriginal People’s rights and values and increase access to and ownership of water for cultural and economic purposes
Read the case study.
Action 2.1 Strengthen the role of First Nations/Aboriginal People in water planning and management
The government will strengthen the role of First Nations/Aboriginal People in water planning, management, governance and decision-making by:
- working with First Nations peak organisations, Aboriginal water interest groups and First Nations communities to determine how we will work together on critical state-wide water strategies, policies, programs and issues
- adopting more appropriate and inclusive approaches to engagement and consultation with Aboriginal people, including in accordance with each First Nation’s cultural protocols
- ensuring existing water governance and decision-making processes provide for First Nations representation, including through identified First Nations roles on relevant boards and committees and supporting roles for Aboriginal community-controlled organisations in water governance
- partnering with First Nations in water planning and management consistent with the principle of self-determination, and building the capacity of First Nations to develop water governance and decision-making processes that empower Traditional Owners
- ensuring water related plans, policies and programs deliver social, spiritual, cultural, economic and environmental outcomes for First Nations/Aboriginal People.
We will also improve accountability and transparency in water governance and management, consistent with actions under Priority 1.
Develop an engagement framework that is appropriate, inclusive and culturally- appropriate, that describes when|
and how we engage with First Nations/ Aboriginal People and peak organisations.
Development of an Aboriginal/First Nations Engagement Framework has commenced, including undertaking 7 on-country workshops and 2 virtual engagements to identify culturally appropriate and inclusive options for engagement models that respect indigenous governance.
Guidelines to ensure fair remuneration for expert knowledge from Aboriginal People/First Nations stakeholders across water programs and infrastructure projects have been developed and are being implemented.
Action 2.2 Develop a state-wide Aboriginal Water Strategy
The government will partner with First Nations/Aboriginal People to co-design a state-wide Aboriginal water strategy that will identify a program of measures to deliver on First Nations’ water rights and interests in water management. Delivering the Aboriginal Water Strategy will involve:
- reviewing and identifying required amendments to the water management legislative framework to enable Aboriginal rights, interests and ownership of water
- revising existing, and developing new, water policy and planning approaches
- designing programs to deliver outcomes
- securing sustainable funding and resourcing
- building the organisational capacity of First Nations/Aboriginal People to enable self determination and sustained participation in projects relevant to water interests.
The Department of Planning and Environment will partner with First Nations/Aboriginal groups to co-design:
- the principles for developing the Aboriginal Water Strategy
- the process and framework for developing the Aboriginal Water Strategy
- the engagement model needed to consult with peak groups and First Nations/Aboriginal People, including the involvement of Native Title claimants and holders.
|Commence the development of the Aboriginal Water Strategy, with an initial focus on scoping and co-design of the principles, process and engagement model for developing the strategy.||Scoping of the draft Aboriginal Water Strategy has begun and draws on significant First Nations/Aboriginal engagements from 70 workshops conducted in recent years on water resource planning and regional water strategies. 6 pillars were agreed upon by peak Aboriginal stakeholders in 2020 that will define the principles to draft the strategy and design approach. A broadly framed set of potential actions will be taken to further co-design for community and stakeholder ‘red pen’ review through 2023. |
We are developing relationships with other government agencies and First Nations/Aboriginal stakeholders to support this work. The Department of Planning and Environment’s Aboriginal Water Program (AWP) is developing in parallel an Aboriginal Engagement Framework as a critical element to take back to communities for co-design review of the draft Aboriginal Water Strategy in 2023.
Action 2.3 Provide Aboriginal ownership of and access to water for cultural and economic purposes
The government will enhance First Nations/Aboriginal People’s access to water for cultural and economic purposes by:
- recognising and protecting Native Title rights to water in water sharing plans
- working with First Nations to better understand cultural values and flow requirements to inform water planning and sharing decisions
- increasing water available for cultural and spiritual purposes
- increasing water entitlements in First Nations/Aboriginal ownership
- where there are synergies, using water allocated for environmental and consumptive purposes to deliver Aboriginal outcomes and benefits
- improving and enabling access to Country to maintain healthy waterways and engage in cultural practices.
|Contribute to national processes to confirm the inland water target under Closing the Gap National Agreement.||NSW is contributing to the national processes to confirm the inland water target under the National Agreement on Closing the Gap.
Data on NSW water entitlements and Aboriginal water holdings has been provided to the Australian Government to inform a national statistical baselining exercise. NSW continues to develop state-based implementation plans for the Closing the Gap commitments.
|Identify opportunities for greater Aboriginal access and ownership of water through the Aboriginal Water Strategy.||As part of the 2021–2025 pricing determination, the Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal exempted cultural access licences from water management charges. Work will continue to identify opportunities for greater Aboriginal access and ownership of water through the Aboriginal Water Program.|
|Develop a pilot to test methodology for cultural flows.||Cultural Flows–A Guide for Water Managers, developed as part of the National Cultural Flows Research project, has been selected as the appropriate method to be used for a pilot. Modelling sites for potential pilot project areas has been done.|
|Examine options to address barriers to First Nations/ Aboriginal Peoples’ access to the water market such as pricing.||
The Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal’s pricing determination for the 2021–2025 period, addresses pricing-related market barriers for accessing water used for cultural purposes.|
The NSW Government will continue to examine options to address barriers to water markets through the Aboriginal Water Program.
|Continue work as part of the whole of government negotiating team for Native Title determinations and Indigenous Land Use Agreements and address Native Title issues in water sharing plans as they are amended or remade.||The Department of Planning and Environment continues to participate in whole-of-government negotiations for native title determinations and Indigenous Land Use Agreements.|
A review of all water sharing plans has been undertaken to ensure their compliance with Native Title requirements.
|Develop a pilot to enable access to Country between landholders and Native Title holders to identify sites and progress negotiated outcomes, such as use and access.||
A pilot to enable access to Country has commenced in the Murrumbidgee region working with local First Nations/Aboriginal stakeholders. Culturally significant sites along the Murrumbidgee River have been identified.
The Department of Primary Industries – Fisheries has developed a statewide online map identifying access to waterways via public lands.
Action 2.4 Work with First Nations/Aboriginal People to improve shared water knowledge
The government will work closely with First Nations/Aboriginal People to improve shared water knowledge and enable Aboriginal-led programs to implement projects informed by Aboriginal knowledge and science. We will also take action to make sure that Aboriginal people have a better understanding of water management frameworks and regulation in NSW.
We will do this by:
- establishing culturally safe mechanisms for 2-way sharing of water knowledge, where appropriate, supported by appropriate mechanisms for data sovereignty that ensure the protection of First Nations/ Aboriginal People’s intellectual property rights and interests
- delivering programs to improve cultural competency in the water sector
- delivering programs to improve knowledge of water management policies, rules and frameworks in Aboriginal communities.
We will also partner with First Nations/Aboriginal People to develop programs and initiatives that will:
- increase the participation and employment of Aboriginal people ‘on the ground’ in maintaining the health of land, rivers and wetlands
- provide opportunities at regional and local levels for Aboriginal people to contribute traditional ecological knowledge to the management of land and water resources.
|Develop programs and initiatives to improve cultural competency within the water sector.||Since June 2021, Water Infrastructure NSW has delivered Aboriginal cultural onboarding workshops to over 400 staff across the Department of Planning and Environment’s water portfolio. This introductory training package is a commitment at the start of our journey to ensure all staff complete role-appropriate training and meet competency requirements for cultural awareness, safety, and engagement.|
|Develop and deliver culturally appropriate information materials on water management policies, rules and frameworks.||A review of information available on the Department of Planning and Environment’s website has been undertaken and new culturally appropriate materials on water management policies and rules are being developed.|
|Provide support for First Nations/ Aboriginal People to navigate the water licensing and approvals framework.||Information on, and application forms for, cultural access licences have been reviewed and new materials to support First Nations/Aboriginal People apply for water licences are being developed.|
|Involve First Nations/ Aboriginal People in the management of environmental water.||
The Department of Planning and Environment is developing relationships with Traditional Owner Groups and First Nations/Aboriginal People where water for the environment is managed.|
The department has developed an annual First Nations watering priorities statement for environmental water.
Action 2.5 Work with First Nations/Aboriginal People to maintain and preserve water- related cultural sites and landscapes
The government will work closely with Aboriginal communities to ensure that:
- regional and metropolitan water strategies appropriately consider First Nations/Aboriginal People’s cultural heritage in assessing infrastructure, policy and planning options in each region
- meaningful engagement occurs with First Nations/Aboriginal People upstream and downstream of new infrastructure proposals
- cultural heritage implications of new water policies are considered.
We will also partner with First Nations/Aboriginal People to explore programs and initiatives that will support Aboriginal communities to identify and map water-dependent cultural sites and record cultural water practices, where culturally appropriate.
|Embed First Nations and Aboriginal People and their considerations into policy, planning and infrastructure development processes.||
In 2021, a draft strategy for delivering Aboriginal community outcomes from water infrastructure programs was released for consultation. This included holding meetings with Aboriginal communities to discuss their aspirations and the draft strategy.
First Nations/Aboriginal People engagement plans for water infrastructure programs and projects are prepared and reviewed every 6 months.
|Water Infrastructure NSW’s First Nations engagement team will lead and facilitate consultation with Aboriginal People on water infrastructure projects, providing opportunities for their wisdom and experience to be considered and incorporated into project decisions.||Water Infrastructure’s First Nations Project Engagement team works closely with Aboriginal communities and organisations across NSW. The team leads and facilitates engagement with Aboriginal communities on water infrastructure projects and works closely with project teams to ensure First Nations/Aboriginal People’s knowledge is listened to and respected, their voices are heard, and their views considered in project decision-making.|
Improve river, floodplain and aquifer ecosystem health, and system connectivity
Read the case study.
Action 3.1 Consider NSW Long Term Water Plans (LTWPs) to protect and enhance ecological systems
The government will work to:
- consider the objectives and targets outlined in the NSW Long Term Water Plans to guide water planning, and to develop equivalent products for coastal regions of NSW, including protecting and enhancing our nationally listed wetlands and internationally recognised sites/species
- improve understanding of the impact of climate change on environmental water management
- engage with stakeholders, including First Nations/Aboriginal People in the implementation and review of NSW Long Term Water Plans.
|Consider Long Term Water Plans as the framework to guide the delivery of environmental water and development of management rules including in deliberations by Environmental Water Advisory Groups.||The Department of Planning and Environment provides support to Environmental Water Advisory Groups (EWAGs) to use long-term water plans (LTWPs) to guide annual water use planning. LTWPS are also used to inform NSW Sustainable Diversion Limit Adjustment Mechanism projects, including design of potential flow regimes and guiding assessment of potential environmental outcomes.|
Action 3.2 Take landscape scale action to improve river and catchment health
The regional water strategies will identify specific priorities and target programs towards improving land use and land management practices in catchments where these are major contributors to a decline in river and catchment health. We will also examine barriers to land management practices which improve river health.
|Finalise five regional water strategies and continue community consultation on another six regional water strategies that will be finalised by the end of 2022. Regional water strategies will identify key land use and land management problems and options to improve river health in consultation with land management stakeholders.||
2021–2022 saw the publication of all remaining draft regional water strategies across NSW, as well as a second round of consultation on four regional water strategies with priority actions.
The timeframes for finalising the strategies have been adjusted to enable more intensive stakeholder engagement. This reflects the impact that COVID-19 has had on the engagement process, as well as other factors that impact communities’ capacity to engage such as the flooding events in the northern coastal regions.
Protecting and enhancing the environment is one of the objectives of the regional water strategies. Options to improve river health will be identified in the context of the key challenges and priorities within each region.
Action 3.3 Take action to address threats to native fish
The NSW Government will deliver three statewide, catchment scale initiatives to address key threats to native fish populations.
- implement the NSW Fish Passage Strategy
- address cold water pollution through interventions such as temperature monitoring, new operating protocols and cold water pollution mitigation technology at priority dams where cold water impacts are severe
- invest in fish-friendly water extraction technology at priority sites, guided by the regional water strategies.
|Improve fish passage at priority sites as guided by the NSW Fish Passage Strategy.||6 fish passage sites have been completed at a cost of $11.3 million. Four sites are located in Western NSW, one site in the Namoi region, and one site in the Far North Coast.|
|Review and update the Cold Water Pollution Strategy and guidelines for management.||Review and update of the Cold Water Pollution Strategy and guidelines for management is expected in 2022–2023, leading to planning and implementation of related works.|
|Finalise the NSW Diversion Screening Strategy and implement works at priority sites, with a focus in the northern Murray–Darling Basin, to reduce impacts to fish from water extraction.||Finalisation of the NSW Diversion Screening Strategy is expected in 2022–2023. Planning for works at priority sites in the northern Basin has commenced, with implementation to commence in 2022–2023 and expected to be completed by 2025.|
Action 3.4 Invest in long-term and effective monitoring, evaluation, reporting and research
The government will:
- implement monitoring, evaluation, and reporting frameworks to track the effectiveness of plans and policies and inform future management actions
- update the River Condition Index across NSW in 2021 after detailed assessments are completed in coastal water sources to provide a baseline for addressing progress of the NSW Water Strategy and the regional and metropolitan water strategies.
|Finalise a monitoring and evaluation framework for water sharing plans, and initially target locations with high environmental risk.||
The Department of Planning and Environment is currently developing a Water Sharing Plan Evaluation Program that includes:
Water sharing plans have been prioritised for evaluation to target effort in areas of high environmental risk.
Methods for social, economic, and environmental impact evaluation are being developed. These methods are being tested and applied to 2 water sharing plans – Macquarie Cudgegong Regulated, and Clarence Unregulated and Alluvial as a pilot to inform rollout of the Water Sharing Plan Evaluation Program.
Monitor and report on environmental water delivery and management to inform adaptive management|
The Department of Planning and Environment reports extensively on the use of water for the environment including reporting on:
All watering targets and events include monitoring to assess the effectiveness of environmental flows.
Monitoring information and research is summarised and integrated into an adaptive decision-making approach to water for the environment.
Additionally, annual reviews are undertaken of Pre-requisite Policy Measures and Active Management in the Barwon–Darling, Gwydir and Macquarie.
|Publish an updated River Condition Index.||The NSW River Condition Index (RCI) is the primary long-term reporting tool for assessing change in riverine condition. The RCI tool provides a better understanding of the effect of water management decisions. It also allows tracking of changes in conditions for better water management to improve surface water environments. The RCI tool uses inputs from a range of indicators. Work has commenced to update the RCI in 2021–2022. Two pilot areas are being used to test methodologies. After validation the methods will be applied across the state. Target completion date is December 2022.|
Action 3.5 Adopt a more intense, state-wide focus on improving water quality
The government will:
- continue to monitor and review the NSW Water Quality Objectives across NSW to ensure they reflect contemporary community and environmental values and uses
- define clear roles, accountabilities and frameworks for monitoring, assessing and addressing water quality risks across the state
- ensure the community can access information about water quality.
|Implement Water Quality Management Plans as required under the Murray–Darling Basin Plan.||In line with commitments under the Murray–Darling Basin Plan, NSW has completed the water quality management plan report and submitted the report to the Murray–Darling Basin Authority (MDBA). The report will be published on the MDBA’s website.|
Implement the Marine Estate Management Strategy sub- actions to:
In consultation with other agencies, a draft governance framework for diffuse source water pollution has been developed in consultation with relevant government agencies.
Proposed revisions to the NSW Water Quality Objectives for coastal catchments have been prepared. Comprehensive consultation with state agencies, local governments, industry and stakeholders is required and this will take additional time.
|Continue to support the preparation and implementation of Coastal Management Programs (CMPs) by councils to achieve the objectives of the Coastal Management Act 2016 that may include actions to maintain and improve water quality and estuary health, supported by monitoring and evaluation.||
To date, the Minister for Local Government has certified 4 Coastal Management Programs (CMPs) and these are being implemented.
Approximately 50 CMPs are being prepared by local coastal councils with technical and financial support from the Department of Planning and Environment. Information and an interactive map on the progress of CMPs is available online.
|Prepare a water quality roadmap of roles and responsibilities for water quality management and monitoring across NSW, and consider options to address gaps, remove duplication or uncertainty and improve water quality governance arrangements.||This action has not yet commenced and will be delivered as part of NSW Water Strategy implementation in 2022–2023.|
|Develop standard, state-wide arrangements for the monitoring of extreme events in order to enhance response actions and reduce risks.||The Department of Planning and Environment has drafted a Water Quality Incident Management Plan – Hypoxic Events paper. The operational provisions in the draft management plan were enabled during the recent (late 2021 to April 2022) hypoxic blackwater events that occurred in the northern Basin. The draft Management Plan will be updated and reviewed following these events, and published.|
|Monitor and report on water quality.||WaterNSW continues to undertake regular water quality monitoring.|
Action 3.6 An enhanced, state-wide focus on sustainable groundwater management
The government will develop and implement an NSW Groundwater Strategy and Action Plan to improve groundwater management across NSW. This strategy will address the challenges and opportunities around sustainable groundwater management and aim to secure and protect groundwater for thriving environments, communities and industries.
|Develop a draft NSW Groundwater Strategy for consultation with the community.||The draft NSW Groundwater Strategy has been developed and went on public exhibition in July 2022. Feedback on the draft strategy will be used to inform the development of the final NSW Groundwater Strategy.|
Action 3.7 The government will take a community-driven and transparent approach to explore ways to improve the flows between hydrologically connected rivers and valleys across inland NSW
- develop principles and a clear statement about how NSW will increase connectivity across regions of the Murray–Darling Basin
- explore options to improve connectivity between catchments
- develop decision-making support tools and frameworks to better inform water sharing decisions across connected water resources, particularly in the Murray–Darling Basin
- implement the actions in the NSW Government’s response to the Independent Panel Assessment of the Management of the 2020 Northern Basin First Flush Event.
Release a draft Western Regional Water Strategy which will:
The draft Western Regional Water Strategy was published in June 2022 with a 6-week exhibition period supported by face-to-face and online community consultation and engagement sessions. The draft Western Regional Water Strategy explains
the different types of connectivity and proposed a range of objectives that could guide connectivity actions.|
These objectives were developed with feedback from the Connectivity Stakeholder Reference Group.
WaterNSW has developed flow forecasting models for the northern tributaries. These are now in operation. The models include the latest flow data, and data from the first flush event. The operational models forecast flows along the river taking into account customer demands (water orders), system losses along river sections and travel times. The WaterInsights platform ensures timely, transparent and accessible information on water resources.
North West Unregulated Flow Management Plan target:
The review of the North West Flow Plan targets (PDF, 4895.53 KB) was published on the Department of Planning and Environment – Water website in November 2021.|
This review has been considered as part of the development of connectivity
options under the Western Regional Water Strategy. The department will consider developing an operational management plan once the Western Regional Water Strategy is finalised.
|Continue to implement the recommendations of the Independent Panel Assessment of the Management of the 2020 Northern Basin First Flush Event, as outlined in the NSW Government response and provide an update report on implementation annually.||Implementation of the recommendations of the Independent Panel Assessment of the Management of the 2020 Northern Basin First Flush Event will continue, with annual implementation reporting to ensure transparency and accountability. An implementation update was published in October 2021.|
Increase resilience to changes in water availability (variability and climate change)
Read the case study.
Action 4.1 New actions to improve and apply our understanding of climate variability and change
The government will continue to improve our understanding of climate, including variability and climate change, and ensure that it is applied and accessible to inform decisions across the water sector.
- include new climate data and risk modelling methods in the NSW Common Planning Assumptions
- provide access to climate risk information for water users, councils and local water utilities, and the community to support towns and users adapt to likely reduced water reliability
- incorporate the new climate data into NSW water models, initially for regional and metropolitan water strategies and modelling of new infrastructure projects
- partner with key stakeholders and industry to develop communities of practice for climate risk modelling, and to promote improved risk management and adaptation
- advocate for use of a single climate risk methodology across the Murray–Darling Basin.
Incorporate new climate data into the development of:
||New climate data and modelling that improves our understanding of past climate conditions and plausible climate futures has been prepared statewide. Eleven of 12 draft regional water strategies prepared to date have incorporated new climate data, along with the draft Greater Sydney Water Strategy. The draft Murray and Murrumbidgee regional water strategies however did not include the outputs from hydrological modelling as it is still under development. New climate data will be incorporated into the Greater Hunter Regional Water Strategy as part of the next review, and implementation of the Lower Hunter Water Security Plan.|
|Pilot delivery of climate risk data in a format that meets the needs of local water utilities.||Data has been provided to a number of pilot areas for use in developing water security measures to inform Integrated Water Cycle Management Plans. Work will continue in 2022–2023 to make the data for councils available statewide via a data portal.|
|Determine a methodology and progressively incorporate climate risk data into water sharing plan and environmental water management decision making.||A work program has been developed for this action. Delivery, however, is expected to take longer than initially anticipated and will progress over several years.|
|Establish a NSW Community of Practice (CoP) for water practitioners to share methods, knowledge and resources to improve environmental, economic and social outcomes.||The Office of the Chief Scientist and Engineer has convened a NSW Government Climate Community of Practice. Working groups to further target water modelling and climate change will be established.|
|Participate in national and Basin wide communities of practice and share learnings from these groups to align and improve decision making.||The Department of Planning and Environment has continued to participate in various national and Basin-wide communities of practice and interjurisdictional working groups.|
Action 4.2 Review water allocation and water sharing in response to new climate information
The government will review water allocation frameworks and water sharing plan provisions in response to new extremes in water availability. This will include:
- exploring ‘critical human needs’ and mechanisms to safeguard water for human needs during extreme events, including development of a position on alternative water supplies where water security for towns cannot be guaranteed in extreme events
- exploring risk management approaches for more adaptive water allocation and accounting frameworks
- improving transparency and clarity for all water users about decision making for water allocations.
|Publish information explaining the allocation process for each regulated river system.||To help describe the way in which water is allocated to the various priorities and licence types, the Department of Planning and Environment has published Water Allocation Guides on how the water allocation process works in each of the major regulated river valleys.|
|As part of regional water strategy development, consider and consult on options for how new climate risk information can inform allocation decisions.||Reliability and risk management for water entitlements emerged as a key theme during consultation on the draft regional water strategies. |
Stakeholders have told us they need to better understand the risks to develop appropriate mitigation strategies and to prepare for a possible future with less water. Work will continue to consider this issue.
Action 4.3 Improve drought planning, preparation and resilience
The government will work with communities across NSW to improve their preparedness for and resilience to drought.
- develop and maintain the NSW Future Ready Regions Strategy, which will outline the Government’s priority actions over the next few years to prepare for and respond to future droughts. The plan will outline key lessons from the recent drought periods in NSW and confirm the impacts drought can have on local communities, small businesses and industry
- ensure that the regional and metropolitan water strategies identify options to diversify water sources and water operations to be more resilient for drought and emergency response
- consider options for improving the management of shared water resources during times of drought and work with other Basin governments to promote improvements
- document our lessons learnt from managing water during the recent drought and ensure these lessons inform future decision making
- investigate options for a more consistent approach to water restrictions across NSW, including the development of common principles.
|Implement the Future Ready Regions Strategy.||The Future Ready Regions Strategy was released in June 2021. Work has begun under all commitments in the strategy. The Future Ready Regions Strategy is designed to be flexible and responsive to support an adaptive management approach to implementation.|
|Finalise five regional water strategies and two metropolitan water strategies and continue community consultation on another six regional water strategies that will be finalised.||
2021–2022 saw the publication of all remaining draft regional water strategies across NSW and a second round of consultation on 4 regional water strategies. The draft Greater Sydney Water Strategy was exhibited for public consultation in September 2021, while the final Lower Hunter Water Security Plan
was released in April 2022.|
The timeframes for finalising the regional water strategies have been adjusted to enable more intensive stakeholder engagement. This reflects the impact that COVID-19 has had on the engagement process, as well as other factors that impact communities’ capacity to engage such as the flooding events in the northern coastal regions.
These strategies consider how much water a region will need to meet future demand and recommend the most effective ways to manage risks to water security, reliability and resilience.
|Advocate in Murray–Darling Basin governance forums for changes to current management frameworks to respond to drought conditions.||As an initial focus, the NSW Government has been looking at ways to maximise the utility of the drought reserve in the Menindee Lakes, with the aim of improving the longevity of water stored in the upper lakes and providing improved drought security for the Menindee and Lower Darling community. These arrangements are being discussed bilaterally and in relevant inter-jurisdictional forums including with the River Murray Operations Committee and Water Liaison Working Group. Longer term changes to the operation of Menindee Lakes are being explored as part of the Western Regional Water Strategy.|
|Prepare and publish summaries that explain how the drought was managed in each valley and the lessons learnt from the measures used.||The 2017–2020 drought was the worst over the historical record from the 1890s until now for most river valleys across NSW, although some were more affected than others. Not all valleys experienced the same severity of drought because inflows to major storages, a measure of water security, varied across the state. The drought snapshots published on the Department of Planning and Environment's website outline how each regulated valley and the Barwon–Darling compared for historical inflows to the major storages, the measures that were applied and the next steps.|
|Revise the Incident Response Guides for regulated river systems that guide how and when measures were introduced and repealed.||Incident Response Guides for regulated river systems have been updated and were submitted to the Murray–Darling Basin Authority (MBDA) as part of water resource plan schedules for accreditation.|
|Update the NSW Extreme Events Policy to reflect these lessons.||An update to the Extreme Events Policy has been delayed due to competing policy priorities. This update commenced in May 2022, with a draft updated policy planned now expected to be completed December 2022.|
|Consult with local water utilities, the community and industry about the strengths, challenges and practical considerations of a potential harmonised approach to water restrictions across the state.||Targeted consultation on a draft discussion paper has been undertaken. The Department of Planning and Environment plans broader consultation on the options available, noting that the NSW Government’s ability to influence water restrictions is limited under the current legislative and regulatory framework that underpins the application of water restrictions by water utilities.|
Action 4.4 Better integrate land use planning and water management
The government will better integrate strategic land use planning with water management frameworks and outcomes. We will take steps to:
- establish processes to support communication and early engagement to better inform land use, agriculture and industry investment decisions based on a clear understanding of water availability and constraints, and water allocation risk over the immediate and longer term
- develop new planning policies, if required, to integrate land use and water cycle management decisions
- identify opportunities for the planning system to support water resource health and resilience in a changing climate; for example, through strategic recognition of critical groundwater resources in coastal areas and mitigate impacts from urban development
- improve access to information about water availability to support development
- examine opportunities for information on high value water-dependent ecosystems and cultural values to be considered in land use planning decisions.
|Identify opportunities for land use planning frameworks to respond to water management and resilience outcomes in light of climate risk assessments.||The Department of Planning and Environment is finalising a suite of metropolitan and regional water strategies. These strategies will help identify ways in which frameworks for land-use planning could respond to water management and resilience outcomes in light of climate risk assessments.|
|Align outcomes in regional plans with regional water strategies in their consideration of future land and water use.||The Department of Planning and Environment is doing the first 5-year review of all regional plans to reset priorities and extend the plans from 2036 to 2041. The Illawarra-Shoalhaven Regional Plan was remade in June 2021, and draft plans for the Central West and Orana, New England North West, Hunter, Central Coast, North Coast, South East and tablelands were all exhibited for public consultation in 2021–2022. All remaining regional plans will be finalised in 2022–2023. All regional plans consider regional water management issues and are prepared in accordance with section 3.3 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.|
|Through the Groundwater Strategy, establish criteria to identify critical groundwater resources and develop spatial products and data to allow for identification and mapping.||
The draft NSW Groundwater Strategy was released for public exhibition in July 2022. Feedback from this consultation will be used to inform the development of the final NSW Groundwater Strategy.
The establishment of criteria to identify critical groundwater resources will be progressed as part of implementing the final strategy.
|Develop guidelines to provide information to applicants and proponents on the requirements for groundwater assessments to support stronger disclosure of data and modelling predictions. This will aim to improve the completeness of applications and transparency of impact, resulting in increased efficiencies and informed decision making.||
The Department of Planning and Environment has published Groundwater guideline documents to guide proponents during the preparation of submissions for major projects. The overarching guideline and 3 technical documents address groundwater impacts and risks, water licensing requirements and
how to provide relevant data, demonstrating the proposed activity is compliant.
The toolkit complements existing industry requirements and was created in consultation with industry experts to ensure it addresses all requirements needed for a mining, quarrying, dredging or infrastructure project submission.
|Continue to implement the Rapid Assessment Framework that will make system improvements that increase the efficiency of major project assessments and speed up assessment timeframes while also improving assessment quality, engagement standards and customer service.||
The Rapid Assessment Framework streamlines the assessment of major projects, provides clear guidance on environmental impact assessment and introduces a new Registered Environmental Assessment Practitioners (REAP) Scheme to provide quality assurance for environmental impact statements (EIS).
These improvements were enabled by amendments to the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000. These changes will come into effect over three stages, with the first stage commencing on 1 July 2021.
|Work with First Nations/Aboriginal People to understand how cultural values could be identified and considered earlier in land use planning processes.||
Engagement with Aboriginal communities and organisations is undertaken from the inception of state-led water infrastructure projects to ensure First Nations/Aboriginal People’s knowledge and ideas are captured in land use planning processes.
Water Infrastructure NSW has developed an Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Framework to guide the identification of registered Aboriginal parties with which to consult and engage regarding cultural values within a project’s footprint.
Support economic growth and resilient industries within a capped system
Read the case study.
Action 5.1 Provide greater certainty to regional businesses that rely on secure access to water
The government will increase business and investor confidence in regional NSW by:
- developing Special Activation Precincts and Regional Job Precincts
- developing and implementing the regional water strategies to identify the optimal mix of management and infrastructure investment to support jobs and economic growth in regional NSW.
|Develop a master plan for each special activation precinct with a long-term vision that will consider the availability of water and how to secure water for industrial use via the water market or other mechanisms.||
Master Plans for each Special Activation Precinct (SAP) are being developed, exhibited, finalised and given effect through the new State Environmental Planning Policy (Precincts-Regional) 2021 that commenced in March 2022.
Master Plans for SAPs will continue during 2022–2023
|Work closely with local councils to streamline planning approvals in Regional Job Precincts to provide industry with greater confidence around future investment.||
The Regional Job Precinct Program promotes economic growth and employment in key regional precincts in NSW. Four precincts have been prioritised in Round 1 of the program in Albury, Casino, South Jerrabomberra and in the Namoi.
During the past 12 months, the Department of Regional NSW has consulted extensively with key industry, community and government stakeholders and an action plan has been developed for each precinct. The action plans describe the planning and investigations that are needed to facilitate growth in the right locations within the precinct. The recommended investigations have now begun, and community engagement will soon take place for a draft master plan for each precinct.
|Finalise five regional water strategies and continue community consultation on another six regional water strategies that will be finalised by the end of 2022 that will identify the optimal mix of management and infrastructure investment to support jobs and economic growth in regional NSW.||
2021–2022 saw the publication of all remaining draft regional water strategies across NSW and a second round of consultation on 4 regional water strategies.
The timeframes for finalising the strategies have been adjusted to enable more intensive stakeholder engagement. This reflects the impact that COVID-19 has had on the engagement process, as well as other factors that impact communities’ capacity to engage such as the flooding events in the northern coastal regions.
Action 5.2 Invest in R&D and new technologies to lift water productivity in NSW industries
The government will look for opportunities to invest in R&D and new technologies to lift productivity and improve the economic return on water in NSW by:
- better capturing and quantifying the contribution of water to economic outcomes at the state and regional level, including the economic value of natural systems, in order to better understand and measure water productivity
- improving water use efﬁciency and productivity in agriculture, food processing and manufacturing, resources and other industries
- supporting the cost effective development of rainfall independent sources of water supply for key industry sectors, such as desalination and recycling
- supporting the development and improvement of irrigation systems to maximise the productive use of water
- improving understanding of how agricultural land use changes the availability of water (for example, the change to permanent pastures and zero till cropping increases the capture of rainfall, which – in turn –reduces runoff)
- continuing to roll-out the Farms for the Future pilots to provide enabling infrastructure that supports agribusiness productivity and improved water use management and efﬁciency, including on-farm connectivity and other ag tech solutions
- improving the capacity of NSW primary industries to better plan for and respond to climate change by reviewing existing impact and adaptation research and current activities for each industry, and developing a climate vulnerability modelling approach to capture climate exposure risk and sensitivity in key sectors.
|Measure and report the economic value of water to key sectors of the economy across NSW. Metering reforms currently being implemented across NSW will provide accurate data about water use for productive purposes and help quantify the contribution of water to economic outcomes.||
Understanding the value of water can support better decisions about the costs and beneﬁts of programs to manage NSW’s water resources. This helps guide investment in water management services to ensure they are achieving the desired outcomes and delivering value for money.
The productive value of water can be revealed through water markets, or based on the return from productive use of water. Valuation of water should also include non-market values such as ecological, social and cultural values. Department of Planning and Environment – Water and NRAR have undertaken a number of projects to better understand the value of water in different contexts. Valuations in 2021–2022 include:
The NSW Government will continue to analyse and record values of water for different purposes, including non-market values, in a water value evidence bank. This data will improve our analysis of the impacts and beneﬁts of water management activities to deliver value-for-money outcomes.
|Report on progress and completion of funded R&D projects, including Water use in Agriculture Inventory and Trends & drivers of water productivity in Australian cotton.||The Department of Primary Industries has been involved in monitoring water use and water productivity across the cotton industry since 2006.|
The benchmarking of water productivity in Australian cotton has been co-funded with the Cotton Research & Development Corporation and identiﬁes the change in water productivity by cotton growers over recent decades. This assists growers in making water management decisions as well as provides a basis for the industry to communicate its sustainable water management. The current project will operate until 30 June 2025.
|Support the resources sector to improve its water use and increase transparency.||A Water in Mining Advisory Group has been established to create an inter-agency forum and a clear point of contact within the NSW Government for water related matters for mining and exploration companies.|
Additionally, a collaborative project has commenced to enhance water reporting and subsequently water use decision making for the NSW resources sector. This will lead to an improved understanding of how water is used, how efﬁciently it is used, and more informed decisions regarding water allocation during future droughts. Data compilation and analysis is underway and will provide information on the types of data currently submitted by mining operations and any variability and gaps in the data reported to government.
|Pilot recycled water opportunities for industrial and agricultural uses, e.g. in the Western Parkland City’s proposed Intensive Horticultural Production Zone.||Sydney Water is currently planning a non-potable recycled water supply for the Mamre Road and Aerotropolis Initial Precincts. This scheme will integrate stormwater harvesting and wastewater recycling to provide a drought secure water supply for industry uses, toilet ﬂushing, urban greening and cooling and the protection of local waterways.|
Sydney Water is also partnering with Western Sydney University and Hawkesbury City Council to develop a circular utility model for Western Sydney University’s proposed Agritech Hub, which will include intensive horticulture. This proof of concept aims to integrate water recycling, organic waste management, bioenergy production and food production.
Action 5.3 Improve the operation and transparency of water trade in NSW
The government will take the following actions to improve the operation of the NSW water market.
- improve the transparency of trading activities and access to information about these activities
- review the need for a regulatory framework covering water brokers and intermediaries to improve conﬁdence in how the market is regulated.
|Update water trade application forms and systems to capture additional information on the price and purpose of trades.||
Water trade forms and systems have been updated to capture additional information such as price and purpose information. Further system improvements to make trade information more accessible to the public are currently being investigated.|
In 2021 WaterNSW released a Murrumbidgee Inter-Valley Trade (IVT) option paper seeking feedback on improving transparency, efﬁciency and equity of the IVT account and is currently working toward improving the overall process for market participants.
Consider the Australian Competition |
and Consumer Commission’s recommendations in its Murray–Darling basin water markets inquiry report and work with stakeholders and other governments in the Murray–Darling Basin to determine appropriate reform.
The Australian Government appointed a Principal Adviser to develop a roadmap for implementing water market reform in the Murray–Darling Basin. The Principal Adviser is supported by an Advisory Group of technical experts and water market stakeholder representatives.|
The Principal Advisor will provide a roadmap for the phased implementation of reform by September 2022.
NSW is working closely with the Principal Adviser, and other Basin Governments to ensure the roadmap represents practical and cost-effective reform measures that will improve conﬁdence in water markets in the Murray–Darling Basin. NSW Government consultation with the community and key stakeholder groups in 2020 and 2021 about their views on the ACCC recommendations and priorities for reform has informed this process.
Consultation in 2021 included a public webinar hosted by the NSW Government in April and targeted sessions in May and June with the following groups:
Action 5.4 The government will improve infrastructure investment decisions and outcomes through strategic long-term planning
- identify infrastructure and operational management options for each region in NSW to improve reliability for all water users and the environment through the development of 12 regional water strategies and two metropolitan water strategies for Greater Sydney and the Lower Hunter
- monitor and report on the implementation of all 14 water strategies.
|Finalise ﬁve regional water strategies and continue community consultation on another six regional water strategies that will be ﬁnalised by the end of 2022 that will identify infrastructure and operational management options for each region in NSW to improve reliability for all water users and the environment.||2021–2022 saw the publication of all remaining draft regional water strategies across NSW and a second round of consultation on 4 regional water strategies. |
The timeframes for ﬁnalising the strategies have been adjusted to enable more intensive stakeholder engagement. This reﬂects the impact that COVID-19 has had on the engagement process, as well as other factors that impact communities’ capacity to engage, such as the ﬂooding events in the northern coastal regions.
Action 5.5 Investigate causes of underuse and develop options to bring use back up to cap
The government will further investigate issues of water availability and consult with the community through the regional water strategies for the Murrumbidgee and Murray valleys.
|Research and consult with stakeholders to better understand issues of water availability and usage through the regional water strategies for the Murrumbidgee and Murray valleys.||The draft Murray and Murrumbidgee Regional Water Strategies that were exhibited in May and June 2022 include an option to provide evidence on possible causes of any underuse and for an opportunity to use water up to, but not exceeding the sustainable diversion limit. Work to understand this issue will continue as these regional water strategies are developed through 2022 and into 2023.|
Action 6.1 Increase resilience to changes in climate and water availability in Greater Sydney and the Lower Hunter
The Government will release consultation drafts of the Greater Sydney Water Strategy and Lower Hunter Water Security Plan by the third quarter of 2021. After community feedback, the strategies will be ﬁnalised and implementation plans will be published.
|Release a draft Greater Sydney Water Strategy and Lower Hunter Water Security Plan to consult with the public and key stakeholders in 2021.||The draft Greater Sydney Water Strategy and Lower Hunter Water Security Plan were released for public exhibition in 2021.|
|Finalise and publish both strategies and implementation plans in 2022, informed by what we hear from consultation.||The ﬁnal Lower Hunter Water Security Plan was published in April 2022.|
The Greater Sydney Water Strategy is in the process of being ﬁnalised, considering feedback received during consultation on the draft.
Action 6.2 Work collaboratively with local water utilities to reduce risks to town water supplies
The government will continue to work collaboratively with local water utilities to improve organisational arrangements and reduce risks to town water supply service provision, with the aim of achieving the following outcomes:
- safe, secure and sustainable water supply and sewerage services, managed by local water utilities in an efﬁcient and customer-focused manner
- reafﬁrmed commitment to council management and ownership of water supply and sewerage service provision
- clarity on sharing of risks between council local water utilities and the NSW Government
- improving and supporting councils’ ability to manage strategic urban water priorities and risks.
|Continue to regulate and support regional NSW’s local water utilities in their provision of safe, secure and sustainable water supply and sewerage services.||
Local water utilities are responsible for delivering safe, secure, efﬁcient, sustainable, and affordable water supply and sewerage services to 1.85 million people in regional NSW. They protect public health and the environment and support economic development and liveability.
The Department of Planning and Environment, along with other local water utility regulators, provides expert strategic advice and support to local water utilities in their delivery of water supply and sewerage services for healthy and resilient communities. The department is also responsible for overseeing local water utilities through its regulatory and assurance function.
From 1 July 2022, a new Regulatory and assurance framework (PDF, 1613.11 KB) for local water utilities applies to local water utilities in regional NSW. It was designed in collaboration with the sector thorough the Town Water Risk Reduction Program (see Action 6.3).
Action 6.3 Deliver a new Town Water Risk Reduction Program
The Department in collaboration with NSW Health, the Environment Protection Authority, the Ofﬁce of Local Government and Regional NSW, will implement a two-year Town Water Risk Reduction Program in partnership with councils and local water utilities.
This new program will:
- develop and implement an improved regulatory framework for local water utility strategic planning, pricing and major asset approvals that is focused on outcomes, based on risk and the maturity of local water utilities, and is transparent, coordinated and accountable
- enhance local water utility performance, risk and maturity monitoring to help the department regulate and support utilities in a way that is based on risk and the maturity of local water utilities
- develop a more effective framework for coordinating intelligence, regulatory and policy objectives and activities between the department and its co-regulators
- identify potential options to address skills shortages in the sector
- explore the pros and cons of alternative funding models, including a needs based community service obligation funding model
- encourage a greater focus on joint and regional solutions in utility strategic service planning – including exploring where local water utilities could beneﬁt from support provided by state-owned water corporations – and improved knowledge sharing between utilities and agencies.
|Establish a dedicated team resourced for two years to work in partnership with council, local water utilities to develop and implement long-term solutions to the most fundamental barriers within state and local government that prevent effective and strategic risk management in urban water services in regional NSW.||
In December 2020, a dedicated Town Water Risk Reduction team was established within the Department of Planning and Environment with accountability to drive partnership and implement solutions, supported by a stakeholder advisory panel.|
Key elements of the program include:
Through the Town Water Risk Reduction Program, 4 key opportunities have already been realised:
|Co-design through workshops and working groups, an improved regulatory framework for local water utilities, including making systemic improvements to the requirements for Local Water Utility strategic planning (Integrated Water Cycle Management) by July 2022.||
The regulation and assurance framework for local water utilities was implemented on 1 July 2022.
The framework represents a signiﬁcant change to how the activities of local water utilities have been reviewed, regulated and supported in the past. This is centred on the Department of Planning and Environment’s commitment to a stronger partnership approach and culture that aims to empower and enable local water utilities to address risks and strategic challenges effectively and efﬁciently based on locally developed plans and management systems.
The framework was designed in collaboration with the local water utility sector. Initially, over 260 stakeholders from across the local water utility sector participated in virtual and regional workshops to discuss the problems stakeholders saw with the department’s existing regulatory framework and approach. They collaborated on potential solutions and a possible path forward. During workshops, a roadmap was developed that sets out the actions for the department to improve the regulatory framework for local water utilities. The department collaborated with working groups from across the sector to design the framework. A consultation draft regulatory framework for local water utilities was released in March 2022. Sector feedback was used to refine the framework, resulting in the release of the final regulatory and assurance framework for implementation on
|Work with the sector to explore the pros and cons of alternative funding models, including a needs-based Community Service Obligation (CSO) funding model.||
The Department of Planning and Environment is committed to working with the sector on exploring funding models for local water utilities, including a needs-based Community Service Obligation (CSO) funding model.|
To get the solution right a 2 stage approach has been adopted. Stage 1 is gathering information about the ﬁnancial needs and capacity of diverse local utilities to meet their service obligations in their local circumstances.
This evidence base will inform Stage 2 which will look at alternate funding models that are ﬁt for purpose to support local water utilities to meet service expectations.
The NSW Government’s policy position is that there shall be no forced amalgamations and that councils will continue as the owners of their water and sewerage assets.
Action 6.4 Continue to deliver the Safe and Secure Water Program
The government will continue to deliver the Safe and Secure Water Program, co-funding solutions to high priority water service risks and strategic service planning. The NSW Government will invest more than $500 million over the next eight years to support local water utilities reduce risks in urban water systems through the Safe and Secure Water Program.
|Invest more than $500 million over the next eight years to support local water utilities reduce risks in urban water systems through the Safe and Secure Water Program.||The NSW Government is on track to invest more than $500 million over the next eight years to support local water utilities reduce risks in urban water systems through the Safe and Secure Water Program (SSWP). The SSWP is currently funding over 120 projects across 68 local water utilities which will improve public health, water security and environmental outcomes while also delivering social beneﬁts.|
Action 6.5 Continue to work with suppliers of drinking water to effectively manage drinking water quality and safety
The government will support suppliers of drinking water by:
- continuing to support water utilities to assess water quality risks and implement Drinking Water Management Systems, and working closely with water utilities on drinking water quality management issues, risks and incidents
- providing guidance and support to private water suppliers and water carters on managing drinking water safety in their operations.
|Continue to support water utilities to assess water quality risks and implement Drinking Water Management Systems.||
NSW Health continues to support water utilities to assess water quality risks and implement Drinking Water Management Systems.
Twenty one drinking water management system implementation projects have been undertaken, including audit pilots. The audit pilots helped to ﬁnalise the NSW Guidelines for Review and Audit of Drinking Water Management Systems. NSW Health also supported the major utilities in numerous risk assessments for drinking water and recycled water.
|Continue to provide guidance and support to private water suppliers and water carters on managing drinking water safety in their operations.||
NSW Health continues to provide guidance and support to private water suppliers and water carters on managing drinking water safety in their operations. |
Public Health Units have provided advice and reviewed quality assurance programs from private water suppliers across NSW.
|Improve consistency of drinking water quality regulation and incident management for local water utilities.||NSW Health in collaboration with the Department of Planning and Environment, supported drinking water suppliers to manage events and incidents, including during the March 2022 ﬂooding where there were multiple incidents running at the same time across NSW.|
|Continue to provide expert advice, training and support to water utilities on drinking water quality management.||Expert advice, training and support is provided to water utilities on drinking water quality management.|
Action 6.6 A new state-wide Water Efﬁciency Framework and Program
The government will implement a state-wide Water Efﬁciency Framework and Program for urban water in 2021 following consultation with key stakeholders, including water utilities.
The framework and program will:
- involve collaboration between all levels of government, water utilities, the private sector and the wider community
- focus on building water efﬁciency capacity, gaining a greater understanding of water use, improving the evaluation of water efﬁciency initiatives and increasing private sector involvement
- consider the total water cycle (from water supply through to wastewater treatment and reuse or discharge to oceans and waterways)
- embrace adaptive management and continual improvement and provide clear governance
- provide a clear statement of NSW Government policy and messaging of the need to support and invest in water efﬁciency across all sectors
- consider the effectiveness of BASIX (the Building Sustainability Index) in driving and sustaining
|Consult on the draft Water Efﬁciency Framework with local water utilities and the community and commence roll-out in metro and regional areas.||Initial consultation on the draft Water Efﬁciency Framework has been undertaken with water utilities. |
The statewide Water Efﬁciency Program has numerous focus areas and related program initiatives including the regional leakage program, Washing Machine Replacement Trial and Smart Approved Water Mark program.
Action 6.7 Proactive support for water utilities to diversify sources of water
The government will support water utilities to diversify sources of water including groundwater, stormwater harvesting and recycling. This will include progressing relevant regulatory reform and community acceptance campaigns to help increase the uptake of diverse water sources with the potential to increase water security and resilience for towns and communities.
|Ensure all metropolitan water strategies, regional water strategies and water management guidance take an ‘all options on the table’ approach to water planning. Provide information to local water utilities to improve understanding of the planning and lead in times required should alternate water sources to be considered.||The development of water strategies seeks to identify the right mix of policy, operational and infrastructure options, including consideration of sources that do not rely on rainfall. |
2021–2022 saw the publication of draft regional and metropolitan water strategies across NSW.
|Work with local water utilities and identify policy and regulatory barriers to recycled and stormwater use and commence the development of a policy framework for the regulation of puriﬁed recycled water and storm water harvesting consultation with water utilities.||The Department of Planning and Environment has developed an engagement framework to collaborate with utilities, regulators and industry experts on the policy and regulatory barriers to recycled water. Consultation with these stakeholders began in June 2021. As a key step in developing a responsive policy framework, the department will give the NSW Government a report on removing the policy and regulatory barriers to the acceptance and greater adoption of recycled water. This will include context from the relevant literature. A review of current regulatory settings and challenges for stormwater capture and use has also begun..|
|Identify opportunities to share and learn from diversiﬁcation projects, enabling peer to peer information sharing.||New initiatives have been established as part of the Town Water Risk Reduction Program that enable utilities to work collaboratively with state-owned WaterNSW, joint organisations and other entities to manage dam safety, trade waste, catchment, water quality and asset management risks.|
Action 6.8 Investigate and enable managed aquifer recharge
The government will develop a policy that sets out the framework for MAR in NSW and identify where it is technically and economically viable.
- identify and implement the legislative changes, accounting, assessment and approval processes that are needed to enable MAR to be implemented
- provide guidance on where MAR could be a feasible option given the scientiﬁc and engineering challenges and potential environmental implications, particularly for those locations where supplies are vulnerable or where demand is high compared to supply
- collaborate with research institutions to ensure we have the latest scientiﬁc information available to government, the wider community and industries.
|Design an overarching policy framework for managed aquifer recharge (MAR) in NSW, including the rules and requirements under which MAR in NSW could operate.||Preliminary work to develop an overarching policy framework for MAR has commenced. This has highlighted the complexity of the work. The work will progress in stages as part of NSW Water Strategy implementation in 2022–2023.|
Action 6.9 Promote and improve Integrated Water Cycle Management
The government will promote Integrated Water Cycle Management through the NSW planning system and through water management arrangements. All regional and metropolitan water strategies are developed based on an integrated water cycle management approach.
|Develop and implement all regional and metropolitan water strategies based on an Integrated Water Cycle Management Strategy (IWCM) approach.||Regional and metropolitan water strategies bring together the most up to date information and evidence with all the tools we have – policy, planning, behavioural, regulatory, technology and infrastructure solutions – in an integrated package that is based on the best evidence and that balances the needs of different water users. 2021–2022 saw the publication of draft regional and metropolitan water strategies in NSW.|
|Finalise the Design and Place State Environmental Planning Policy that gives effect to place based consideration of integrated water cycle management. This will be underpinned by a Public Space and Urban Design Guide that will provide design guidance and criteria for large-scale developments on integrated water cycle management.||Following extensive consultation with industry and stakeholder groups the NSW Government will not introduce the State Environmental Planning Policy for Design and Place.|
|Make system improvements to the regulatory framework and guidance and support to enable local water utilities to implement a comprehensive IWCM approach.||
The Department of Planning and Environment is making signiﬁcant changes to the regulation, assurance and support frameworks for local water utilities through the delivery of the Town Water Risk Reduction Program and related actions. A draft regulatory framework was released for public consultation on
31 March 2022 with the ﬁnal regulatory and assurance framework commencing on 1 July 2022. The department is currently undertaking transition and implementation planning as well as commencing a process of organisational changes to ensure that it is best placed to continue its support for the water utilities
sector in NSW. |
The draft regulatory framework includes detailed fundamental changes to local water utility strategic planning and identiﬁes the ways in which the department will support this planning.
Action 6.10 Enable private sector involvement in the NSW water sector
The government will ﬁnalise reforms to the Water Industry Competition Act 2006 and Water Industry Competition Regulation to support involvement of the private sector in the supply of water and wastewater services.
|Assess feedback from targeted consultation with key stakeholders to inform the ﬁnal amendments to legislation and regulation.||The Water Industry Competition Amendment Act 2021 was passed by the NSW Parliament in October 2021.|
|Develop a new Water Industry Competition Regulation and place on public exhibition.||A new Water Industry Competition Regulation is being drafted and will be released for public consultation in the second half of 2022.|
6.11 Foster the circular economy in our cities and towns
The government will partner with councils, water utilities, research organisations, the private sector and communities to pilot innovative urban water management that improves resource efﬁciency and recovery, and contributes to working towards a net zero emissions future.
|Release the NSW Waste and Sustainable Materials Strategy 2041.||
The NSW Waste and Sustainable Materials Strategy (PDF, 2147.69 KB), released in 2021, outlines the actions the NSW Government will take over the next 6 years – the ﬁrst phase of the strategy.|
These actions are backed by $356 million in funding to help deliver priority programs and policy reforms.
|Continue to deliver the Waste Less, Recycle More Program.||The Waste Less, Recycle More program provided funding for business recycling, organics collections, market development, managing problem wastes, new waste infrastructure, research and development, support for local councils and programs to tackle illegal dumping and litter. The program concluded on 30 June 2022 as part of the transition to the implementation of the NSW Waste and Sustainable Materials Strategy.|
|Give effect to integration of Net Zero principles and circular economy through the proposed Design and Place State Environmental Planning Policy.||Following extensive consultation with industry and stakeholder groups the NSW Government will not introduce the State Environmental Planning Policy for Design and Place.|
Action 7.1 Pilot new technologies to increase our water options
The government will partner with water utilities, research organisations, the private sector and communities to pilot new technologies and sources of water; for example, onsite household grey water reuse technologies.
|Pilot a smart greywater recycling and smart meter system (Hydraloop). Smart meters and loggers will be installed in up to 250 homes to capture and analyse high resolution data to inform water demand forecasting, water efﬁciency programs and water restriction effectiveness, and approximately 30 grey water recycling systems will be trialled aiming to recycle 30% of household water use.||The Department of Planning and Environment has partnered with Sydney Water and the community to install high resolution water meters and loggers on homes to gather data about how people use water within their homes and where the water is used – indoors versus outdoors, toilets and showers, and so on. To date, 106 members of the community have agreed to participate and there is a target of 250 homes by the end of 2022. |
Sydney Water is leading a trial to install grey water system called Hydraloop in residential and commercial properties. The Hydraloop greywater recycling system treats wastewater from baths and showers. The treated water is clean, disinfected recycled water suitable for ﬂushing toilets, watering gardens, and topping up pools. Systems are now in place in four new social housing dwellings in Glebe ready for connection to plumbing. The best regulatory pathway has also been determined for long-term commercial use of the units.
|Encourage market innovation to improve the coverage, choice and cost of water metering and telemetry technology.||The Department of Planning and Environment has held regular supplier and install forums to inform metering requirements and also track issues such as supply bottlenecks. Suppliers and installers have attended roadshows to improve their awareness and engage with water users. The department and WaterNSW have been working together to enhance telemetry coverage, including identiﬁcation of satellite solutions, and working with the industry to develop telemetry products such as Local Intelligence Devices (LIDs).|
Action 7.2 Collaborate to harness new research, innovation and technology
The government will collaborate with government, research and industry partners to harness technology for measuring, monitoring and reporting to drive the sector and system outcomes. Including:
- universal metering and telemetry for non-urban water take
- comprehensive and reviewed/enhanced hydrometric network, switching from manual read to telemetry
- interoperability of licence and accounting frameworks
- increased capability in satellite imagery observations
- integration of artiﬁcial intelligence and machine learning
- contribute to a digital twin (model) for Sydney
- open access to models, spatial data and derivative products
- effective state-wide water data and systems governance.
|Maintain a water science strategy and prospectus that provides sector wide guidance on future science, research and development.||A water science strategy is published on the Department of Planning and Environment’s website and is supported by annual business planning.|
|Initiate, develop and deliver science partnerships in support of enhanced water resource management outcomes with universities, research organisations, industry and the community.||
The Department of Planning and Environment publishes research prospectuses for surface and ground water science to enable collaboration in water management in NSW. Groundwater research priorities were published in March 2022.|
Available water research projects are published on the department’s website.
An exploratory research project was completed in 2021 by the Department of Planning and Environment in collaboration with the NSW Smart Sensing Network (NSSN), Australian National University, Macquarie University, the University of New South Wales and the University of Sydney titled ‘Where is all the water?’. This project helps NSW Government agencies and other organisations that want to improve their water management overcome gaps and discrepancies in data about water assets and provides a research platform for integrating different types of sensors and the data analytics used to aid modelling, predictions and decision-making.
Action 7.3 Invest in water sector workforce and capability
The government will:
- develop an NSW Water and Wastewater training strategy with local water utilities to understand skills shortages and the types of initiatives required to address these
- invest in our future water workforce, including through education, training, cadet and graduate programs
- promote the important societal contribution that water management makes through creating jobs with purpose and meaning.
The new Town Water Risk Reduction Program (Action 6.3) will play a leading role in helping councils and local water utilities to improve skills and capability and access the expertise of the wider water sector.
|Partner with Local Water Utilities and the training sector to commence development of the Water and Wastewater Training Strategy.||
Skilled and competent operators are vital to provide essential water and sewerage services in regional NSW and to manage drinking water quality.|
Currently there is an acute lack of trained operators in NSW. The NSW Government understands there are up to 200 water operators in regional NSW that are seeking access to accredited operator training each year and cannot access training because there are not enough registered training organisations (RTOs) and trainers offering this.
The Town Water Risk Reduction Program is working in partnership with Training Services NSW, the training sector, and the local water utility sector to address both supply and demand challenges to increase the skills of existing operators, attract more operators into the sector and increase employment and jobs in regional NSW.
The draft water industry skills and training action plan was published in December 2021. The government is implementing the actions, including the Water Operations Skills and Training Strategy which has begun with leadership from Training Services NSW.
|Identify and reduce barriers for local water utilities to work together and share resources for training and development.||
The Town Water Risk Reduction Program Skills and Training focus group meets monthly and provides a platform to exchange information, promote collaborations and identify opportunities where the program can support and catalyse the training sector.|
In response to feedback from the local water utility sector, the Town Water Risk Reduction Program has developed a suite of materials to raise awareness of the risks in water management and the roles and responsibilities for councillors and other decision-makers in regional NSW water utilities.
|Identify registered training organisations to offer operator training in regional NSW to address current critical shortages and to ensure a sustainable and competitive training market in the future.||
The NSW Government has engaged with existing and potential registered training organisations providing operator training in NSW to understand their concerns and any barriers to their participation or growth in the market.|
A major entry barrier for RTOs is the high costs of training and assessment materials. This is a live issue across Australia, and the government is collaborating with the national water sector to source, develop and make available high-quality training materials that cover the diverse range of required skills across different technologies.
A pilot is currently under way with Orana Water Utilities Alliance to map competencies and skills for operators across the urban water cycle, develop training needs analysis for each utility in the Alliance and identify training gaps and attract training providers.
|Explore options for providing greater opportunities for employment of First Nations/Aboriginal People in the water sector.||
A memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Water Infrastructure NSW and TAFE NSW was signed in December 2021, beginning a collaboration that focusses on educational and training opportunities for First Nations/Aboriginal people to support employment readiness. |
Water Infrastructure NSW has also begun a tailored internship program, and is exploring opportunities for project teams to work with local university hubs to fund outreach sessions on science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) and water-related training opportunities.
|Provide sponsored traineeships for regionally based First Nations people to secure certiﬁcation for meter and telemetry installation.||NSW is delivering a water metering traineeship program for First Nations Australians, with funding support from the Australian Government. Up to 16 Aboriginal people will be supported to undertake a paid 2-year traineeship in water metering and irrigation to become certiﬁed meter installers. The program will increase representation of Aboriginal people working in the water sector in NSW The tender for delivering this program has been awarded, and businesses to host trainees and the trainee participants are currently being identiﬁed.|
|Develop resources for councillor awareness and training about water and sewerage services and risks.||
The Department of Planning and Environment has developed a suite of materials to raise awareness of the risks in water management and roles and responsibilities of councillors in regional water management. |
The materials were developed in consultation with local water utilities, the Ofﬁce of Local Government, Local Government NSW and the NSW Water Directorate. They include an induction handbook, an induction webinar for newly elected councillors and case studies that highlight the roles decision-makers and water utilities take in various scenarios for managing water services.